Chronic Kidney Disorder – Overview

You have the best water purifier that gives you the purest water; sometimes, it also adds essential minerals for added benefits. You know all about drinking clean water, thanks to all the water purifier brands. 

Just like water, your blood needs purification too. And unlike water, the blood filter does not come in different brands (well, at least, not yet. You never know where science will take you tomorrow). Your blood has only two filters and you are born with them – your kidneys! You lose them, your blood gets intoxicated and your life is threatened. Substitutes and alternatives are rare, costly, risky and of course, uncomfortable.

So, best, keep them safe and healthy. But where to start? Start with being aware of your kidneys, their health requirements, the irritants and their cry for attention. 

What is Chronic Kidney Disease?

Chronic kidney disease or CKD is a progressive disease where the functioning of your kidney diminishes gradually. Your kidney is made up of tiny filters called nephrons. When by and by, a large number of nephrons get damaged, the workload on the healthy ones increase which in turn might shut them down, as well. This way, when the functioning of the kidney falls below a certain level, you have a kidney failure. At that point, the treatment options are only a kidney transplantation and dialysis.

Nearly 17% of Indians suffer from CKD and the rate is still increasing. It is more prevalent in rural areas.

What Causes CKD?

High blood pressure and diabetes are the most relevant triggers and causes of CKD. Sometimes your kidneys might get affected due to infection, inflammations, or if you are genetically vulnerable to kidney diseases. If you have a defect in any other part of your urinary system like kidney stones, prostatitis or urinary tract infection etc., this can have an effect on the health of your kidney as well. Excessive or prolonged use of painkillers and drug abuse can also cause CKD.

How Can I Know If I Have A CKD?

The worst part of CKD is that it does not show any symptoms until it’s significantly late. Some people do not get the idea of anything being wrong with the kidneys until it’s the last stage or until they suffer from a kidney damage. 

However, watch out for the following symptoms of CKD:

  • Dark urine

  • Cloudy/foamy urine

  • Blood in urine

  • Swollen feet, ankles, fingers or even abdomen in later stages

  • Fatigue

  • Loss of appetite

  • Difficulty concentrating

  • Back pain

What Are The Treatment Options For CKD?

CKD is a degenerative and progressive disease. You cannot undo the damage already done. All you can do is stop the damage or at least, slow it down. Medicines and supplements can help to some extent. But in the case of kidney failure, you will need dialysis until you get a kidney transplantation. But what you need the most is diet. Avoid salt and red meat. You can read more about CKD diet here.

How Can You Prevent It?

No doubt, prevention wins over cure. You should always make an extra effort to drink more water in your daily life. 

When Should I See A Doctor?

Since kidney diseases do not show symptoms, doctors advise that you go for an annual check-up. But if you see any of the symptoms mentioned, do not wait for your annual visit. See a doctor immediately.

Your kidneys are constantly at work, serving you day and night. Keep them safe and healthy. Help them serve you long and good. 

About The Hospital:

Medisys Hospitals is a growing super speciality hospital in Hyderabad that represents the vision and mission of a group of highly qualified and experienced veteran medical professionals. Started in June 2016, it is a 200-bedded hospital with all medical and surgical specialities available. We rely on our in-house state-of-the-art diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities to provide high-level care for our patients.