Cardiac Arrest – Symptoms & Causes

The heart is the most important organ in the human body and it functions constantly for your entire lifetime. Naturally, any issues with the heart require immediate attention. But certain cases, like cardiac arrest, are considered to be an emergency condition which requires urgent medical assistance.

So, what makes a cardiac arrest so critical? Let’s read more about the condition.

What Is A Cardiac Arrest?

Cardiac arrest, also known as sudden cardiac arrest, is a medical condition where your heart stops beating. This abnormality occurs due to a malfunction with the electric signals of your heart. As your heart stops beating, all your vital organs, including the brain, is deprived of oxygen.

What is Cardiac Arrest

It is one of the greatest medical emergencies. Unless it is treated immediately, it becomes fatal soon. Cardiac arrest has a very high mortality rate across the world.

How Is Cardiac Arrest Different From A Heart Attack?

Cardiac arrest and heart attack are two terms which are often used interchangeably. But, technically speaking, these two terms refer to two entirely different health conditions. The only similarity between them is that they both are life-threatening medical conditions. However, these two conditions are often closely linked.

Crdiac Arrest Vs Heart Attack

A cardiac arrest, as mentioned earlier, is a problem with the electric signals of the heart which makes the heart stop beating. Heart attack, on the other hand, occurs when the blood flow into the heart is blocked making it devoid of oxygen-rich blood. Heart muscles suffer from damage after a heart attack. A person suffering from a heart attack is at high risk of getting a cardiac arrest as well.

What Are The Symptoms Of Cardiac Arrest?

Cardiac arrest sometimes comes with pre-cardiac arrest symptoms. You might suddenly feel very tired, dizzy, breathless, nauseated or even immense chest pain. But cardiac arrest can very well show no prior symptoms.

Cardiac Arrest Symptoms

A person suffering from a cardiac arrest will show the following sudden and extreme symptoms:

  • Collapse
  • Loss of consciousness
  • Blackout
  • No breathing
  • No pulse

Some of these symptoms like collapse, blackout etc. might even be indicators of other health conditions. So, there is no need to panic. But to be on the safe side, always call for medical help.

  [ Also Read The Symptoms Of Heart Attack ]

What Are The Causes Of Cardiac Arrest?

Mainly the causes of cardiac arrest are issues related to the heart, but other non-cardiac causes can also prompt a heart attack. Here are the factors which might lead to a cardiac arrest.

  • Heart issues like the following:- Heart attack- Heart failure- Arrhythmia i.e. abnormal heart beating- Narrowed arteries of the heart- Structural defects in the heart

    – Congenital heart defects

    – Inflammation of the heart muscles

  • Lack of oxygen supply
  • Electrocution
  • Drug abuse
  • Severe loss of blood, internally or externally
  • Drowning
  • Intense exercise if you have a heart condition
  • Genetic predisposition
  • High levels of potassium or magnesium
  • Major physical or emotional trauma

Is There Any Treatment For Cardiac Arrest?

The treatment for cardiac arrest begins immediately. If you see a person showing the symptoms of a cardiac arrest, call for help. IMMEDIATELY! Call for an ambulance or medical assistance and also call out aloud so that if there is anyone around you with any kind of training/experience in such a case, will come out to help. Cardiac arrest is a life-threatening condition – a few minutes delay can end it all! You cannot waste any time.

Cardiac Arrest Treatments

Until help arrives, you might try a CPR on the patient. It’s always wise to know how to perform a basic CPR.

A cardiac arrest will first be attended with a defibrillator. A defibrillator is a medical device which sends high voltage electric signals to shock the heart into working normally again. However, a defibrillator should only be used by an expert.

Later in the hospital, when the immediate threat is under control, the doctors will investigate your case to figure out the root cause of the attack and the style of treatment will differ from there on.

As your age increases, your chances of getting a cardiac arrest increase too. But that does not mean that if you are too young, you are safe. Anyone can suffer from a cardiac arrest. There is no assured way to prevent a cardiac arrest. But you can make some effort to reduce your chances. Good food and adequate drinks are recommended. A regularised exercise plan and a healthy lifestyle will drastically reduce your chances of suffering from a cardiac arrest.

About The Hospital:

Medisys Hospitals is a growing super speciality hospital in Hyderabad that represents the vision and mission of a group of highly qualified and experienced veteran medical professionals. Started in June 2016, it is a 200-bedded hospital with all medical and surgical specialities available. We rely on our in-house state-of-the-art diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities to provide high-level care for our patients.