Pain and bleeding while passing stool is never a pleasant experience, because not just does it hurt, but also becomes embarrassing for you to discuss. The point is, you need to take this health condition seriously and consult a doctor soon as they are symptoms of piles.
Here are things that you need to know about piles.
What Are Hemorrhoids?
Piles in medical terms are called as Hemorrhoids. It is the swelling of veins inside and around rectum and anus.
The piles vary in degree for each individual.
- In first degree piles, you will have swellings on the inside lining of your anal canal which may bleed but can’t be seen from outside the anus.
- Second-degree piles are where you have large lumps that come out from the anus when you have a bowel movement, but they go inside later..
- In third degree piles, the lump has to be pushed back inside the anus by an external force.
- Fourth-degree piles are where they permanently hang down from your anus and can’t be pushed inside.
- External piles are swellings below the anal region. This is more painful when compared to other types.
Do You Have Hemorrhoids?
You can get to know if you have haemorrhoids if you have the following symptoms. You may have painless bleeding in from your anus which you can notice on the toilet bowl, toilet paper or on your underwear. You can also experience itching and pain in the anal region. Also, there would be lumps and swell around the anal region. There might be discomfort after the bowel movement and also you have a feeling that the bowel hasn’t gone out completely. There might be mucus discharge.
What Causes Hemorrhoids?
The exact cause for it is still unknown. You are more likely to develop piles if
- You eat a low-fibre diet.
- You strain to empty your bowels
- You are pregnant
- You are obese
- You are born with a weak rectum.
How Can Hemorrhoids Be Treated?
There are many treatments that can help you relieve the pain, but there isn’t a cure.
If you take bath with warm water regularly it will relieve irritation and the anal area clean. Should not strain yourself during the bowel movement.
There medications that can help you are
- If you have constipation then you can take mild laxatives and fibre supplement such as ispaghula husk. Do not use laxatives frequently without the guidance of a doctor.
- You can use soothing creams and ointments to reduce pain and itchiness.
- Corticosteroids containing products, such as Anugesic-HC and Proctosedyl, helps to reduce inflammation and pain.
If self-help measures and medicines don’t work, then you should go to the hospital for one of the following procedures.
- Banding: which is to treat second-degree piles. An endoscope is used in this procedure in which your doctor uses an elastic band to cut the blood supply to the pile resulting that the piles would die and fall off.
- Sclerotherapy: It is used to treat first and second-degree pile. An oily solution is injected into your piles which makes it shrivel up.
Other treatments include
- Infrared coagulation or laser,
- Bipolar diathermy
- Direct current electrotherapy
The various surgical treatments for piles are.
- Conventional haemorrhoidectomy: It is the surgical removal of piles in conditions which are severe
- Stapled haemorrhoidopexy: In this surgical treatment a circular stapler is inserted into the rectum to remove the tissue above the piles.
- Haemorrhoidal artery ligation: In this procedure, the arteries are tied up by inhibiting blood supply to the piles so that piles shrinks and goes away.
How Can You Prevent it?
The best way to prevent piles is eating well so that bowel movement is easy. You can do this by eating high fibre foods like vegetables, fruits, and whole grain. Also exercise regularly to avoid constipation. Drinking a lot of fluids will help in bowel movement.
If you are staying silent and hiding piles, it is time to speak out.
About The Hospital:
Medisys Hospitals is a growing super speciality hospital in Hyderabad that represents the vision and mission of a group of highly qualified and experienced veteran medical professionals. Started in June 2016, it is a 200-bedded hospital with all medical and surgical specialities available. We rely on our in-house state-of-the-art diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities to provide high-level care for our patients.