Understanding Coronary Artery Disease

If you think about it, right from school, through college to work life, there’s something or the other that we are worried about. Exams, assignments and deadlines – all these lead to stress, sleeplessness and binge eating. All of these activities hold the potential to damage your heart.

Troubled Arteries?

Coronary Artery

Arteries are smooth and elastic muscular tubes that carry oxygenated blood from and to the heart and other parts of the body. If there’s any damage to the arteries, it’s natural that the heart’s functioning will also be disrupted. One such damage is called Coronary Artery Disease.

What is Coronary Artery Disease?

As you grow, issues of high cholesterol, diabetes etc increase, causing plaque to accumulate and harden on the walls of the arteries, making it very difficult for the oxygenated blood to reach the heart to be able to function properly. This accumulated and hardened plaque can rupture causing a heart attack or sudden cardiac death. This is coronary artery disease, in which the disruption of oxygenated blood flow to the heart is caused due to plaque deposition. The vessels are narrowed and become rigid in texture.

When plaque ruptures it can cause blood clots that may block blood supply to the heart muscle causing a heart attack. If the clot blocks a blood vessel to the brain one could suffer an ischemic stroke. And if the blood vessel in the brain bursts as result of uncontrolled hypertension, one is likely to suffer a hemorrhagic stroke.

Coronary Artery Disease

What are the symptoms of Coronary artery disease?

  • Chest discomfort known as angina is the most common symptom of Coronary artery disease.
  • chest pain
  • heaviness
  • tightness
  • burning
  • pain in the arms or shoulders
  • shortness of breath
  • sweating
  • dizziness

It is important to understand that the symptoms can also be mistaken for heartburn or indigestion, hence if you are unsure of what exactly is happening it is advisable to seek medical attention without wasting any time. The symptoms will turn severe when your blood flow is more restricted.

How can coronary artery disease be treated?

  • Controlling your risk factors like BP, diabetes, obesity, thyroidism etc. can lower chance of a heart attack or stroke, if you’re diagnosed with coronary artery disease.
  • Lifestyle changes avoiding substance abuse, maintaining physical health by exercising, sleeping on time and eating well can help you keep heart diseases at bay.
  • Enhanced external counterpulsation: This is a non invasive procedure to stimulate the formation of new small blood vessels so that clogged arteries are naturally unclogged.
  • Balloon angioplasty: This procedure is performed to widen blocked arteries and break down the plaque buildup by  inserting a stent to help keep the lumen open after the procedure.
  • Coronary artery bypass graft surgery: This procedure is an open chest surgery to restore proper blood flow.

We, at Medisys, urge our patients to not ignore or neglect signs and symptoms of heart disease.

It is advisable to keep an aspirin handy if you suffer from chronic disease and rush into an emergency to avoid complications.

About the Hospital

Medisys Hospitals is a growing super speciality hospital in Hyderabad that represents the vision and mission of a group of highly qualified and experienced veteran medical professionals. Started in June 2016, it is a 200-bedded hospital with all medical and surgical specialities available. We rely on our in-house state-of-the-art diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities to provide high level care for our patients.