A particular lifestyle or food habits are not the only reasons to be blamed for heart problems, as many other factors like hereditary or congenital issues could cause heart troubles. In most cases, however, the primary culprit remains cholesterol.
Typical examples of heart problems involve a blockade of the arteries which are again caused by a buildup of cholesterol, cells or other substances like a plaque. In case of a prolonged barrier, a blood clot may form, which could lead to an inevitable heart attack.
Coronary Angioplasty is a procedure to help open up the arteries by clearing the blocks and restore standard heart functionality. It functions by allowing normal blood flow to continue in the heart. A small surgical procedure involving a catheter or tube is threaded through a puncture in the leg or arm artery of the patient, which then inflates a tiny balloon which opens up those blocked arteries.
Here’s a know how of the Coronary Angioplasty procedure –
Who needs a coronary angioplasty?
A little check-up reveals the extent of the blocks, while patients who run the risk of a heart attack due to the scale of the blockade need a Coronary Angioplasty procedure. Patients usually request a check after they feel discomfort in the chest area, which could be caused by those blocked arteries.
The Coronary Angioplasty Procedure
- A small catheter is inserted through an artery in the groin or arm area of the patient.
- The catheter moves through the arterial system till it reaches the coronary artery of the heart.
- Using a unique x-ray screen, the Cardiologist will be able to see the progress of the catheter, after which a very thin wire is threaded through it and across the blockade.
- A thin, expandable balloon is then passed over the wire and into the blockade, which is then inflated.
- The inflated balloon helps to push the plaque to one side and helps the artery open up for the blood to pass through accurately. This procedure is not a one-time thing, as it could be repeated until desired results are achieved.
- A stent is then mounted on a special balloon to be moved over the wire of the blocked area of the heart.
- The inflated balloon helps the stent lock in a position to help keep the artery open.
- Stent will remain in the artery for life time of patient. Slowly and carefully, the balloon is taken out once the heart’s blood flow is back to normal.
Is the Coronary Angioplasty procedure painful?
The coronary angioplasty procedure causes very little pain, as the surgeon will numb the area where the catheter is inserted. Patients have, however, experienced some pressure while the process takes place, but nothing dangerous. Patients can see the progress of the procedure on a screen, but some patients get anxious as it happens, for which doctors provide with medications to relax.
There may be other effects in the area where the catheter was inserted like soreness, pain and swelling. At times there could be bleeding, but in case of either symptoms, consulting the assigned doctor would be advisable.
Immediate after-effects and aftercare of Coronary Angioplasty
- After removing the catheter, a nurse will be on hand applying pressure for 15-20 minutes, to avoid any internal bleeding.
- The immediate concerns, however, are to check on the patient for any form of discomfort or signs of bleeding after the procedure.
- If the method is done inserting the catheter through the groin, the patient is advised to lie on the back for several hours.
- For the arm related procedure, the patient need not lie back on the bed after the Angioplasty
- Doctors always advise staying at the hospital for another day/night post procedure.
- Doctors prescribe required medicines to prevent blood clot inside the stent which will further block the artery.
- Patients should not indulge in heavy lifting for at least 2-3 days post procedure.
- The best way to deal with coronary angioplasty post procedures is by taking extensive information on aftercare from the concerned surgeon/doctor.
Coronary Angioplasty is a well-tested and safe procedure. This procedure has been in practice for a long time and has been a revolutionary procedure when it comes to solving heart issues that are results of blockades to the arteries.
About The Hospital
Medisys Hospitals is a growing super speciality hospital in Hyderabad that represents the vision and mission of a group of highly qualified and experienced veteran medical professionals. Started in June 2016, it is a 200-bedded hospital with all medical and surgical specialities available. We rely on our in-house state-of-the-art diagnostic and therapeutic possibilities to provide high level care for our patients.