Arthritis is an inflammation of the joints. It is the swelling and tenderness that affect one joint or multiple joints. The main symptoms of arthritis are joint pain and stiffness, which typically worsen with age. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Treatments vary depending on the type of arthritis. The main goals of arthritis treatments are to reduce symptoms and improve quality of life.
Arthritis can make life tough by causing pain and making it harder to get about. The symptoms of arthritis can vary from week to week, and even from day today. The symptoms of arthritis usually develop over time, but they may also appear suddenly. Arthritis is most commonly seen in adults over the age of 65, but it can also develop in children, teens, and younger adults. Arthritis is more common in women than men and in people who are overweight.
Causes of Arthritis
Cartilage is a firm but flexible connective tissue in your joints. It protects the joints by absorbing the pressure and shock created when you move and put stress on them. A reduction in the normal amount of this cartilage tissue causes some forms of arthritis.
The two main types of arthritis -osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis damage joints in different ways.
Osteoarthritis: The most common type of arthritis, osteoarthritis involves wear-and-tear damage to your joint’s cartilage. Cartilage cushions the ends of the bones and allows nearly frictionless joint motion, but enough damage can result in bone grinding directly on bone, which causes pain and restricted movement.
Rheumatoid arthritis: In rheumatoid arthritis, the body’s immune system attacks the lining of the joint capsule, a tough membrane that encloses all the joint parts. This lining (synovial membrane) becomes inflamed and swollen. The disease process can eventually destroy cartilage and bone within the joint.
Symptoms of Arthritis
The most common signs and symptoms of arthritis involve the joints. Joint pain, stiffness, and swelling are the most common symptoms of arthritis. Depending on the type of arthritis you have, your signs and symptoms may include:
- Knee Pain
- Decreased range of motion
Treatment for Arthritis
Arthritis treatment focuses on relieving symptoms and improving joint function. The main goal of treatment is to reduce the amount of pain you’re experiencing and prevent additional damage to the joints. The medications used to treat arthritis vary depending on the type of arthritis. Many people use alternative remedies for arthritis, but there is little reliable evidence to support the use of many of these products. The most promising alternative remedies for arthritis include:
Acupuncture: This therapy uses fine needles inserted at specific points on the skin to reduce many types of pain.
Chondroitin: Chondroitin may provide modest pain relief from osteoarthritis, although study results are mixed.
Yoga: The slow, stretching movements associated with yoga may help improve joint flexibility and range of motion in people with some types of arthritis.
Massage: Light stroking and kneading of muscles may increase blood flow and warm affected joints, temporarily relieving pain.
Treatments vary depending on the type of arthritis. The main goals of arthritis treatments are to reduce symptoms and improve quality of life. To know further, contact Medisys Hospital, a growing super speciality hospital in Hyderabad. They aid in improving patients’ health. You will get the best treatment according to your symptoms.